Some very eccentric expressions were used in the prayers of clergymen of the last century.
An Edinburgh minister was inclined to grumble when he prayed,    "Give us not evil to think Thee neglectful of Thine own, for we are Thine ...

The Times’ Odessa correspondent, writing on April 15, says  -

“Yesterday evening the voluntary cruiser, Nijni- Novgorod,  left this port
with four hundred male and eight female convicts for the island  of Saghalin.

In the afternoon a religious servic


The conviction of Hugh GRANT for the willful murder of his child  at
Workington was a forgone conclusion. It was impossible for the jury to return  any
other verdict than the one which has produced such a profound sensation in  West
Cumberland. N...


WORKINGTON STAR, July 6, 1888 / pg. 4 / News Items






Nothing has been done to abate the beck nuisance notwithstanding this matter engaged the attention of the Local Board some time ago.  It r

Shipping Intelligence

The Wasdale, TATE, was launched from the Patent Slip at this port, on the
23rd instant, after receiving a new keel and other repairs; and the schooner,
Jane, Moffet, was taken upon the said slip on the same day to undergo rep...
We have the best authority for stating that a paragraph which has  been going
the round of the local papers in reference to the Maryport Hematite  Iron
Company, is totally incorrect.


 No reply has yet been received...
KENDAL FARMERS' CLUB........................part #1
The members of the above club met at their Club Room, Old Market Hall Chambers, to hear and discuss a paper on "Milk and its products" -  introduced by the president MR. WILLIAM HENRY WAKEFIELD, Sed...

At the Workington police Court on Wednesday, Thomas TRAINER,  labourer,
Workington, was charged with having stolen a piece of ham, the  property of Charles
James FOX, provision dealer, on Saturday night last.

Prosecutor stated that on the nig...


On the 15th instant, the lady of the Rev. F. W. WICKS, incumbent of St.
Nicholas' Church, of a daughter.


On the 30th ult., at the Friend's Meeting House, in this town, Mr. Josiah
THOMPSON, of Moreland, near Penrith, to...


(Before T. HORROCKS, Esq., Chairman, R.  S. FERGUSON, Esq., T. H. PARKER,
Esq., G. H. DIXON, Esq., and R. H. HORROCKS,  Esq.)


Thomas ARMSTRONG, of Rickergate, and William FORSTER, of Blackfriars



                    ________   ^   ________

               [From the Gateshead Observer]

Our obituary column records the death, at Scots House, West Boldon,
Gateshead, of one of the "remarkable men" of the North  --  Hugh Lee
Pattinson, Esq., a native of Alston, in Cumberland, where he was born on
Christmas Day, upwards of 60 years ago.  The son of a respectable tradesman,
Mr. Pattinson took part in his father's business till manhood, when, as a
mineralogist, he entered upon a wider sphere, and the appointment was
subsequently conferred upon him of Assayer to the Lords of the Manor of
Alston, (The Commissioners of Greenwich Hospital).  He was afterwards
engaged in the same capacity at Mr. BEAUMONT's lead-works in Blaydon;  and
here it was that he achieved his world-wide fame.

The desirableness of some more economical mode of extracting silver from
lead, had been long obvious to those conversant with that branch of our
national industry, and Mr. Pattinson was for some years engaged in
occasional experiments on the subject.  He attempted, in vain, to separate
the lead from the silver by distillation and long-continued fusion.  Various
other experiments were tried, both in the dry way and by the application of
liquid menstrua.  All were alike unsuccessful.  but his patient labours were
not to go unrewarded.  It happened, in the month of January, 1829, that in
the prosecution of his object he required lead in a state of powder, and to
obtain it, adopted the mode of stirring a portion of melted lead in a
crucible, until it cooled below its point of fusion, by which process the
metal is reduced to a state of minute sub-division.  He was now on the
threshold of his great discovery.
    One of those pregnant hints of Nature, offered to ordinary minds in
vain, was presented to Mr. Pattinson's observant eye;  and the secret of
success was his.  He saw  --  and was struck with the fact  --  that as the
lead cooled down to nearly its fusing point, solid particles, like small
crystals, made their appearance among the molten mass, gradually increasing
in quantity as the temperature fell. Having watched the phenomenon twice or
thrice, he began to conceive that possibly some difference might be found in
the proportions of silver held by the part that crystallized and the part
that remained liquid;  and following up his conjecture by experiment, its
truth was demonstrated  --  the liquid lead yielding, on cupellation, much
more silver than the crystals.  Three or four years passed away before Mr.
Pattinson made his discovery practically available to the extent of his
wishes;  there were difficulties to be overcome in its profitable
application;  but all these gave way before his ingenuity and perseverance;
and the result, as estimated twenty years ago, was equivalent to an addition
of 54,000 ounces of silver to the wealth of England and Wales  --  a
considerable portion of which, it is pleasant to know, found its way into
his own pockets.  And while the lead was impoverished of its silver, it was
improved in character by the abstraction  --  an operation which the
reflecting moralist may trace in the analogous experiences of humanity.

Prior to Mr. Pattinson's process (for which he took out a patent) the
extraction of silver from lead could only be pursued with profit when the
more precious metal was present in the proportion of 20 ounces to the ton.
The minimum was now reduced to 3 ounces;  lead mines, before neglected,
could be worked with advantage;  and the new mode of working came into use
far beyond the limits of our own island.

We have enlarged upon Mr. Pattinson's great act of alchemy, with which his
name will for ever be associated: - among his other improvements in the
industrial arts, there is but one more that we will mention  --  his
substitute for white lead.  With "sulphate of alumina," the "concentrated
alum" of commerce (the manufacture of which was originated by the Felling
Chemical Company), was exhibited in 1851, at the Crystal Palace in Hyde
Park, "oxichloride of lead," prepared by decomposing native galena by the
hydrochloride acid, which is produced in great excess in the manufacture of
soda:  -  dissolving the chloride of lead thus formed in boiling water, and
mixing the solution with the proper quantity of lime water to convert one
half of the chloride into oxide.  The old plan is to convert metallic lead
into white lead: - the new to obtain the white lead direct from the ore.
Specimens, with illustrations  of its use in oil-painting, were sent to the
Exhibition from the Washington Chemical Works, by the son-in-law of the

In 1838, when the British Association for the Advancement of Science met in
Newcastle, Mr. Pattinson was one of the most potent wizards of "the wise

We have said it was in Blaydon the deceased discovered the secret which led
to his "patent process."  We trace not his next immediate movements in life;
but in or about the year 1834, in partnership with Mr. JOHN LEE (a
relative), and Mr. GEORGE BURNETT, both of whom he survived, he commenced
the Felling Chemical Works, which now cover a larger area than the Crystal
Palace, and employ a thousand workmen.  Ten years later - about 1843 - the
deceased commenced, also, the works at Washington, in which are carried on,
amongst other manufactures, that of magnesia, by a process discovered by
himself, and patented  --  the result being a much purer and cheaper
article, and one which has driven almost every competitor out of the field.
In the neighbourhood of the Washington Works a populous and growing
community now exists, which will make a respectable figure in the census of
1861, under the head of "Pattinsontown".

In 1850, the deceased was appointed, in Newcastle, to the office of a Local
Commissioner in promotion of the Great Exhibition of 1851;  and with other
eminent chemists (M. DUMAS, the distinguished Frenchman, being Chairman), he
served on the Chemical and Pharmaceutical Jury at the Crystal Palace.

He was a man of unbounded munificence.  His public subscriptions were ever
liberal, and his private charity extensive.  Meeting, some years ago, one of
his friends in the street, whom he knew to be interested in a charitable
institution of recent date, he spontaneously introduced the subject, and
asked "What he must give? - how much to the building fund, and how much to
the annual income?" The estimate was made.  "Nay," said he, "you must double
that."  And such, in all things, was the lamented deceased.  He was an
ardent friend of education, and especially amongst his own people.  We have
frequently had occasion to mention the excellent schools and reading-rooms
established in connection with the works in which he was a partner.  No
expense was ever spared, if he thought the workmen or their children could
be improved in their education;  and baths, savings-banks, &c., also had his
care.  He invariably treated the humblest individual in his employ with
consideration and kindness.  He loved particularly the people of his native
town.  His tongue was racy of the soil that gave him birth, and his heart
warmed to its inhabitants.  He was ever ready to aid them in their good
works.  He was one of the largest subscribers to their beautiful Town Hall,
of which he laid the foundation-stone, but the opening of which he must not
behold.  He will be there, however, in the thoughts of all when the ceremony
takes place;  for well they know that in him they have lost one of their
best friends.

"The old master" was sorely missed at the Felling Chemical Works, when last
the annual examination of the schools was held, and he, for the first time
was absent.  Many of the children were observed in tears - his best

The deceased was a member of the Royal, the Royal Astronomical, and many
other learned societies.  He died a Vice-President of the Literary and
Philosophical Society of Newcastle  --  of which on the nominationn of the
Rev. ANTHONY HEDLEY, and others, he was elected a member on the 6th of
March, 1822.

Much earlier, however, (while yet at Alston), he had the use of its
philosophical apparatus;  and he was ever sensible of his obligations to the
institution in his youth.  From his boyhood the deceased was known for his
"turn" for mechanics and chemistry;  and he early became so proficient that
he delivered lectures to his townsmen and the surrounding villagers with
illustrative experiments.  Nor, to the latest year of his life did he cease
to be a student, but was ever careful to keep pace with the science of the

He was also a man of great general information  --  had a rich fund of
anecdote and a genial disposition  --  and was an instructive and
entertaining companion.

MRS. PATTINSON, who was born, we believe, on the same day with himself,
survives her husband;  and he also leaves a son and three daughters: - HUGH
LEE PATTINSON, Esq., of Stote's Hall, Jesmond;   MRS. R. B. BOWMAN, of
Newcastle;   MRS. ISAAC LOWTHIAN BELL, of Washington;   and MRS. R. S.
NEWALL, of Gateshead.

The funeral of this eminent gentleman took place at the village of
Washington on Saturday.  The chief mourners comprised:

HUGH LEE PATTINSON, Esq., son of deceased
ISAAC LOWTHIAN BELL, Esq., Washington and
ROBERT BOWMAN, Esq., Jesmond, sons-in-law
W. WATSON PATTINSON,Felling New House,nephew
R.S. NEWALL, Esq., Fern Dean, Gateshead
R. READMAYNE, Esq, Felling
THOMAS BELL, Esq., Usworth House
J. WILSON, Esq., of Newcastle
W. SWAN, Esq., Washington

Many other gentlemen and 600 workmen attended.  The neat little church was
crowded to excess.  Mr. Pattinson is deposited in a vault at the east end,
at the head of which stands a monumenntal stone, recording the deaths of
WALTER, his beloved child, who died March 6th, 1847, aged six years;  and
also THOMAS, who died at Para, in Brazil, July 17th, 1856, aged nineteen.
The coffin (the outer of oak and the inner of lead) was covered with black
cloth, ornamented with brass.  On the breast-plate was engraved the
following inscription: -

                 HUGH LEE PATTINSON


                    NOV. 11th, 1858,

                    AGED  62 YEARS.