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On the 1st of June, 1823, I visited the " Pinjra Pol," at Surat; a place which is appointed for the reception of old, worn out, lame, or disabled animals.   At that time, they chiefly consisted of goats and sheep, and even cocks and hens; some of which latter, had lost their feathers, and here, shorn of their plumes, walked about the courts without molestation.   This establishment is supported by the Hindu Banians of Surat; and is situated in that part of the suburbs of the city called Gopipura, between the inner and outer walls.   Animals of every description, and from all parts, are admitted to the benefits of this institution; as with their number, the Banians conceive they increase the general happiness, and their own reputation.   The establishment occupies a court about fifty feet square, to which there is a large area attached to admit of the cattle roving about; it is strewed with grass and straw on all parts, that the aged may want neither food nor bedding.   There are cages to protect such birds as have become objects of charity, but most of them were empty; there is, however, a colony of pigeons, which are daily fed.   By far the most remarkable object in this singular establishment is a house on the left hand on entering, about twenty five feet long with a boarded floor, elevated about eight feet; between this and the ground is a depository where the deluded Banians throw in quantities of grain which gives life to and feeds a host of vermin, as dense as the sands on the sea shore, and consisting of all various genera usually found in the abodes of squalid misery.   The entrance to this loft is from the outside by a stair; which I ascended.  There are several holes cut in different parts of the floor, through which the grain is thrown. I examined a handful of it which had lost all the appearance of grain; it was a moving mass, and some of the pampered creatures which fed upon it were crawling about the floor—a circumstance which hastened my retreat from the house in which the nest of vermin is deposited.   The "Pinjra Pol" is in the very midst of houses, in one of the most populous cities in Asia; and must be a prolific source of nightly comfort to the citizens who reside in the neighbourhood, to say nothing of the strayed few who manage to make their way into the more distant domains of the inhabitants.   There are similar institutions to the one I have just described, at almost every large city on the western side of India, and particularly at those places where the Banians or Jains reside.   I have seen too, at Anjar, in Cutch, an establishment of rats, conjectured to exceed five thousand in number, which were kept in a temple, and daily fed with four, which was procured by a tax on the inhabitants of the town! !— Journal of Asiatic Society.